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Resource Center : Industrial relations systems
4 March 2014
Social dialogue and relations in Switzerland
This article provides information about union organizations, the collective bargaining structure, sectoral negotiations, company negotiations and employee representation structures in Switzerland. Union landscape The organization of trade unions in Switzerland was influenced, among other things, by historical divisions that structure society: the difference between towns and the countryside, Protestants and Catholics… The denominational divide led to the creation of catholic and evangelical unions; the blue-collar/white-collar divide led to the creation of blue-collar or white-collar unions. 
3 March 2014
Industrial relations and collective bargaining in Hungary
This article provides information about union organizations, the collective bargaining structure, company bargaining, and employee representation structures in Hungary. A few figures Union membership is around 12 percent and collective agreements’ coverage is about 34 percent. The Hungarian union landscape When the former single union, the national union council (SZOT) was dissolved in 1990, four union confederations (ASZSZ, ESZT, MSZOSZ and SZES), often referred to as ‘traditional unions,’ were set up. 
3 March 2014
Israel: introduction to industrial relations
Avital Shapira-Shabirow, Director of the International Department of the Israeli trade union Histadrut, answers the questions of Planet Labour about the employee involvement system and the place of trade unions in Israel. Histadrut constitutes the biggest trade union in Israel with around 700,000 members in all sectors.
3 March 2014
Industrial Relations in Canada
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining, employee representation bodies… all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Canada is in this article. A few figures In Canada, about 30 percent of workers are union members (2012). The unionization rate in Canada has decreased gradually over time, falling from 33.7% in 1997 to 31.5% in 2012.
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Belgium
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, social dialogue at cross-industry level, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employee representation structures, employees representatives bodies (union delegation, works Council, committee for prevention and protection at work), all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Belgium is in this fiche.
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Denmark
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies,  employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Denmark in this fiche. A few figures Unionization is generalized. 
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Germany
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies,  employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Germany is in this fiche. A few figures Union membership amounts to 19 percent and 62 percent of employees are covered by collective agreements. 
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Great-Britain
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Great-Britain is in this fiche. A few figures As measured by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Labour Force Survey, union density amounts to 23.2%.
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Italy
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Italy is in this fiche. A few figures Union membership amounts to 35 percent but 50 percent of these are pensions, as unions are the ones that manage supplementary pension funds. 
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Luxembourg
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Luxembourg is in this fiche. A few figures As far as union membership rates go, the OECD gave 41 percent for 2011, and 54 percent for collective labor agreements’ coverage in 2008 (STATEC 2011).
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Poland
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Poland is in this fiche. A few figures Unionization rate 12%, 25% of workers covered by collective agreements.
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Spain
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Spain is in this fiche. A few figures According to the latest Quality of Life at Work Survey (ECVT-2009), the rate of union membership in Spain is 19.9% of the waged population, which is slightly below the European average.
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in Sweden
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in Sweden is in this fiche. A few figures About 70 percent of Swedish employees are affiliated with a union, one of the highest rates in the OECD countries. 
5 August 2013
Industrial relations in the Netherlands
Union organizations, collective bargaining structure, collective bargaining at cross-industry level, bargaining at sectoral level, bargaining in companies, employees representatives bodies  all you need to know about the industrial relations system in the Netherlands is in this fiche. Union organizations There are three main trade unions organizations, the social-democratic FNV (1,378,000 members in 2011), the Christian-democratic CNV (333,300) and the independent Unie MHP (160,000).