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Gig workers and the regulation of platforms

Find out all Planet Labor articles on the regulation of work on digital platforms around the world: legal status, social protection, working conditions, representation and transparency of algorithms…

19 April 2022
France: court fines Deliveroo for undocumented ‘concealed’ employment
On 19 April the Tribunal judiciaire de Paris found meal delivery company Deliveroo guilty of ‘concealed’, unreported employment. In accordance with the prosecution’s request, the company was sentenced to the maximum penalty fine of €375,000, and will have to pay each of the trade unions plaintiffs €50,000 in damages as well as display the court judgment on its website and applications for one month. The two former general managers were also fined €30,000, given a 12-month suspended prison sentence,...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
8 April 2022
France: presentation of an ordinance setting out collective bargaining rules within the mobility platform businesses
On 06 April, in the Council of Ministers, the Minister of Ecological Transition together with the Minister of Labour, Employment and Integration presented an ordinance ‘strengthening the autonomy of self-employed workers working on mobility platforms, organizing sectoral social relations, and fulfilling the missions of the Authority for Employment Platform Social Relations’, (the Arpe, L’Autorité des relations sociales des plateformes d’emploi). This text sets the framework for sectoral social dialogue,...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
4 January 2022
Spain: Just Eat online food platform negotiates agreement that regulates delivery driver work
A pioneering agreement has been negotiated with trade unions that sets out the working conditions of the home delivery drivers for the online food delivery platform Just Eat, along with their rights to social protection, rest and digital disconnection. The agreement also recognises the right of employees to be informed of the content of the algorithms and artificial intelligence systems the platform uses to govern how work is distributed.
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
9 December 2021
EU: European Commission proposes presumption of salaried employee status for platform workers
On 09 December and following a process launched in spring 2021 with the consultation of social partners, the European Commission unveiled a Directive proposal aimed at improving the working conditions of platform workers. Faced with a debate on legal status, the EU Commission chose to define a presumption of salaried status for platform workers, unless a platform does not fulfil the criteria characterising it as an employer. The directive proposal also imposes obligations on platforms over the management of their...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
7 December 2021
Italy: drivers contracted to deliver Amazon goods obtain a reduction in working hours
Strike action planned for Black Friday (26 November) was averted as a result of a national agreement being reached at the end of November between the companies affiliated with Assoespressi (employers’ body) that make deliveries for Amazon, and the relevant trade union bodies (Filt-Cgil, Fit-Cisl, and Uiltrasporti). The social partners agreed on setting out a concerted course of action addressing workloads and work scheduling. The drivers in question immediately obtained a two-hour reduction in their weekly...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
2 December 2021
Germany: election of a works council at the delivery company Gorillas, with help from the courts
Dissatisfied with the working conditions and pay offered by the young dynamic German start-up and ‘ultra-fast delivery’ platform, employees of Gorillas’ Berlin subsidiary finally succeeded in electing a works council on 27 November 2021. Throughout the process Gorillas management tried to block the election, and notably also in court. Management has also raised the possibility of changing the company’s operational structures.
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
27 October 2021
Mexico: a bill to regulate digital platform-based work
The bill, presented by a senator of the current ruling majority party, intends to recognize ‘digital worker’ status for platform-based vehicle for hire drivers and delivery drivers, and to guarantee that their salary rights are respected. In total, six bills aimed at regulating the employment relationship between platforms and their workers are currently awaiting consideration by Congressional labour committees. The executive branch, which is seeking to reform the Federal Labor Law accordingly, is expected to...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
17 September 2021
China: government moves to regulate Wild West digital economy
Efforts on the part of the Chinese government to better regulate working conditions in the platform economy are ongoing. As previously reported (see article n°12665), the law on workplace safety – amended in June and effective from 1 September – contains specific mention of the gig economy, and that is not all. In June, seven Chinese state agencies issued a notice on the rights and interests of couriers and riders working for delivery platforms. Then in following month came guidelines to better protect all...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
17 June 2021
What type of employment status will platform workers hold? Planet Labor compares several countries’ regulatory responses
In recent years, court decisions internationally have increasingly been reclassifying the link between a worker and a work platform as an employment contract. In response, more and more governments are seeking to regulate and frame how these new forms of work develop. How can this new economic model become sustainable and how can workers be protected? Is the employee status indispensable? What social protection and working conditions should apply to platform workers? Planet Labor has reviewed the legal and...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms
17 June 2021
EU: second phase consultation launched on digital platform workers’ rights
On 15 June the European Commission launched the second stage consultation of European social partners on better protecting people working through platforms. This follows the Commission’s first consultation stage  (c.f. article No.12304) that took place between 24 February and 07 April 2021, and that led to the Commission concluding there was a need for ‘further EU action to ensure basic labour standards and rights to people working through platforms measures’; a need made only more acute by the Covid-19...
Gig workers and the regulation of platforms